In 2011, a small Australian press published a few thousand copies of E L James’ Fifty Shades of Grey.
James won a publishing deal even though she had published the book for free on a fan-fiction website.
That turned out to be a smart move.
Her books have sold over 150 million copies worldwide, and been translated into around 50 languages, Alexander Alter wrote in the New York Times last year.
James became the highest-paid author in the world in 2013, with an annual income of USD95 million, according to the US business magazine, Forbes.